Cultural and Social Condition under nawab
The social condition in the Nawab Kingdom had been generally good. People led peaceful life. In spite of’ the external influence the Nawabs contributed much for the social development. Each village had a head man, Kannakkan, Thalaiyari and other officials to serve the people. The office of the village head man was hereditary. Village headmen and the Palaykkars were looking after the Judicial matters at the bottom level. The tax collecting officials applied hard methods to collect taxes from the people. The farmers and villagers had to live at time mercy of the tax collecting officials. The privileged people paid less tax, the unprivileged people paid more taxes. Salary of the officials were paid either as cash or land. Europeans were also appointed in Government services.
Art and Culture
The Nawabs patronized art and literature. They also encouraged Arabic and Persian languages. The Nawab’s period experienced the mingling of different cultures together.
The Tamil society received many cultural inputs from the Muslims arid Europeans. Nawabs were liberal towards were liberal towards Hindus and Hindu temples. They built many forts. Amir Mahal at Chennai is a very good example of the Nawab style of architecture.