Art and Architecture Maratha

The Saraswathi Mahal, established by king Sarfoji II was a unique example for the art and architecture of the Tanjore Marathas. According to Robinson, who visited Saraswathi Mahal in 1824, it was a full fledged centre of learning, where research facilities were available on western model. The ancient architecture patterns were followed in the construction of Hindu temples during this period. The indo sarasonic type of architecture was also followed. The Tanjore Marathas built many temples. Among those the Ganesa Temple which was built in of the Brahadeeswara temple complex at tnnjore and Vaidyanatha Swamy temple were the classical examples. They built many choultries. Among them the choultry in Orthanadu was a magnificent one. The art of music dance, painting and printing were encouraged.


Maratha sculptures are beautiful and ornamental. They are engraved on single stone. They are also placed on walls and pillars. They have more messages and values. One of the masterpieces of Maratha sculpture was the bronze image of Ammani Amma, the wife of Pratapsingh. It is a Portrait figure. It is now in the temple of Tiruvidaimarudur. It is in a standing posture holding a lamp in her hand. A parrot is seated on her right shoulder. Another sculpture was the silver plated bullvahana in Tanjore temple. The stone sculptures of the King Sarfoji II were an excellent piece of Art. This statue is now in the Saraswathi mahal Library in Tanjore.


The mural paintings in the front mandapa of the subramaniya shrine in the Brahagdeeswara temple at Tanjore are classical examples of Maratha painting. The valuable portrait paintings of the Maratha rulers adorn the inner walls of Tanjore palace and Saraswathi Mahal.