Madurai Tourist Places in Tamil Nadu India
It is one of the most ancient cities in Tamilnadu. It was the eastwhile capital of the pandyan rulers those days the streets, the buildings, the culture and the festivals still recalls the ancient living in this place. Today! Madurai is the district head quarters bounded by Dindigul & Trichy district on the north, on the east Sivagangai Dist. on the west Theni dist., and on the south by Virudhunagar dist. Moreover, the city in wrapped by three important hills named after an elephant, snake and cow, namely yanaimalai, Nagamalai, pasumalai which is an unperishable landmark to this land right from its insception. Madurai is famous for Meenkshi Temple and Renowned as Temple city and also it is famous for jasmine flowers. Currently, it is recorded to be the second largest city in tamilnadu with all the ascepts to metropolis..
Madurai is an ancient home for Tamil culture tradition. A pilgrimage to South India is incomplete without a visit Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple. It is the second largest city in Tamil Nadu. The city of Madurai is well planned and laid out in the pattern of a lotus flower with the famous Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple in the center. It is situated on the banks if river Vaigai.
Madurai is also called as a ‘Temple city’, which is enriched by lot of temples with monumental, works. It was the capital of the Pandiyan Empire till the 14th century AD. It was the seat of Tamil Learning. The last of the three Tamil sangams are flourished here nearly 2,000 years ago.
Madurai is famous for its aesthetic flower Jasmine. Lord Siva appeared in the form of drops of nectar (ie) Mathuram. From his locks feel on the town and so it got the name “Madurai.”
Tourist Places Near Madurai
Sri Meenakshi Sundaraswarar Temple
Sri Menakshi Sundareshwarar Temple is one of the biggest temples in India. This is an exquisite example of temples built by the Pandyan rulers. The original temple built by Kulasekara Pandyan was in ruins. The plan for the current temple structure was laid by Viswanath Naicker and was completed by Thriumalai Naicker. There are as many as 12 majestic towers with four tallest goupurams at the outer walls. There are two shrines. One is dedicated to Sundareshwarar who gives darshan in the form of a Linga and the other shrine was dedicated to his consort Goddess Meenakshi. The hall in front of the Sundareswarar shrine is known as “Kampathadi Mandapam”. The different Manifestations of Lord Siva are depicted on the Pillars of this hall.
It is the famous Twin Temple of Tamilnadu and the best landmark of the Southern India, and also remarkable nominee of the Wolrd’s Wonder Contest. Here, the Temple so serene and spiritual to the people of Madurai who worship Lord Sundareswarar and meenakshi Amman his consort. The Temple has its elite style of tower structure that indicates the four directions North , East , West , South and spacioius interior where lakhs of devotees could move in to worship the Lord. The Scultture, Artistical paintings, Stone carvings are the greatest highlights of the great workers those days. A significant thousand pillar mandapam , and Musical pillar carved out of stones that produces different musical sounds are real sheer wonder in this temple.
The hall of ‘Thousand Pillars’ is the most interesting feature. It is an architectural and engineering marvel which is built in the 16th century. The pillars have a repeated motif the stylized dragon. There are musical pillars in one of the outer enclosures. Each pillar sounds a different note when struck.
A pillared portico surrounds the sacred ‘Golden Lotus Tank’. According to a legend, this tank was once used to judge the merits of “Tamil Literary Works.” Manuscripts of great worth float on its discerning waters, while those lacking in merit would sink. The Art gallery of this temple is very interesting.
Thirumalai Nayak Palace
Thirumalai Naick palace is one of the most important and exciting place in Madurai. This Mahal is about 1km South East of the Meenakshi Temple. King Thirumalai Naick built this imposing and graceful place in the year 1636AD in the Indo-Saracenic style.
During the year 1636, Madurai was ruled by Thirumalai Nayak the king after the Pandiyan Rulers. His palace was built with great challenge of Civil engineering structures, with huge pillars and marvellous arches which are much impressive. The impossing edifice is famous for its “Stuccowork” on its dooms. Behind the palace you have ten strights similar pillars for cuffing elephants those days.
We can see the illustration and the architectural mastery of the Naick. This palace is divided in to two parts they are Swarga Vilasam and Renga Vilasam. The portico in front is known as Swarga Villasam which is also called as celestial Pavillion. Numerous tall pillars with open courtyard surround the place and highly decorative arches connect it.
It has a carved dome with an arcaded octagon. It is made up of brick and mortar without the support of griders and rafters. The stuccowork on its domes and arches are very catchy to our eyes.
This is situated on the East of Madurai. It is one of the beautiful square tank filled with water during festivals and you have a lovely scene of colourful lights float onces a year will be an awesome experience to the touirist. On the North of the temple you have goddess Mariamman, a famous village diety of the Tamilnadu is worshipped here.
Vandiyoor Mariamman Theppakulam
Mariamman Theppakulam was built by King Thirumalai Naick in 1636 AD. This nicely constructed huge tank is also known as the Mariamman tank. It is situated in the eastern end of the city and is almost equal in area to that of the Meenakshi Temple.
This tank is fed with water from the Vaigai through an ingenious system of underground channels. A colorful float festival is held on Thai Poosam day during the January 1 February Months.
Gandhi Museum contains a picture gallery, a gallery of relics, Khadi and village industries section and South Indian handicrafts sections are available here. Time of working hours is about 10Am to 1 pm and 2pm to 6pm. It is open on all days. Homed in the old palace of Ranimangammal , the museum speaks the ever living legend Mahatama Gandhi who found inself to be known for simplicity from this Madurai district. The museum exhibits photo gallery, relics, khadi and its importance and also other village based industry products.
This museum is situated within the Gandhi Museum complex itself we can see the Government museum. It was established during the 5th world Tamil conference during the year 1981. Working hours of this museum is about 10am to 1pm and 2pm to 6pm. Sunday and second Fridays are holidays.
Picnic Spots Near Madurai
Thiruparamkundram Temple (8KM)
This is one of the place where devotees devote to Lord Subramania (Murugan) as one of the Six Abodes as per the Hindu belief. Thirupparangundram is about 8km from Madurai. We can see the 6th century rock cut shrines of temple dedicated to Lord Subramanya. This temple has a wide range of Hindu Gods which are carved on the walls. We can find the Pandyan rock cut shrines, which are dating back to the 8th century.
The Subramanya cave temple has a shrine dedicated to Durga, with the figures of Ganesh and Subramanya on the either side. Thirupurangundram is one of the six abodes of the Lord Muruga. It is a legend that Lord Married Deivayani, the daughter of Indra. It is also a place of Muslim pilgrim. There is a tomb of a Muslim saint known as Sikander at the top of the hill.
Kodal Alagar Temple
Kodal Alagar Temple is an ancient Vaisnavite temple with lots of wonderful sculptures. This Vishnu temple is located about 2km in the West of the city. The Lord Vishnu of here is in three poses; sitting, standing and reclining. The three altars are depicted one above the other. The main deity of this temple is “Kodal Alagar.” This temple also belongs to one of the “108 Divya Desam temples.
It is situated on a hill known as Sollamalai, surrounded by Panoramic natural beauty. Beautiful carvings and sculptures to admire and a nice place to relax, but with precaution over monkeys. They so mischevious but harmless. A spot that will make a visit worth a while and rewarding. Moreover you have palamudhirsollai, one of the six Abodes of Lord Subramania is located atop the hill. Wherein , pulls devotees fromn town to visit and worship.
This temple is about 18km from Madurai. It is one of the 108 Divya Desam temples. It is called as Alagar Hill or Alagar Kovil;
This temple is dedicated to Lord Sundarajar (Vishnu) and the hill is solamalai. The temple is situated on a hill amidst the panoramic view of the surroundings. It contains some of the beautiful carvings, which make our visit excellent.
The Indian Epic Mahabharata says that this temple was visitaed by both yudhisthira and Arjuna. It is said that Koorattalwar, the chief disciple of Ramanuja regained his eyesight by worshipping the deity here. We can see the 2,000 year old Sudharsana Chakra in this temple.
On the Chitra Poornima day, the image of Alagar is taken in a procession to the river Vaigai to participate in the marriage of Meenakshi Sundareswarar. According to Hindu mythology, Alagar is the brother of Meenakshi. Around this temple and ancient fortified town is located in the ruins.
Pazhamudhir Cholai is about 2km from Alagar Koil. It is in a small hillock which is also one of the six abodes of Lord Subramanya.
Palani is about 122km from Madurai. Palani is also known as Thiru Avinankudi. It is also one of the six abodes Lord Muruga. Here, the Lord is represented as a renunciate wearing a loincloth and he is also holding a danda. He is known as Dandayadhapaani. There is a winch and rope car to carry pilgrim to the hill top the river Shanmuga is also in the down of the hill.
Periyar wild life Sanctuary
This sanctuary is about 140km from Madurai. The periyar dam was built during the end of the 19th century. The elevation of these feet is about 2,700feet. A visit to this wildlife sanctuary is very exciting. We can see the wild animals roaming in their natural surroundings by the motor launch during the time of dawn or dusk.
Other place in Madurai
Vaigam Dam is about 69km from Madurai.
Suruli waterfalls (130km).
Kumbakkarai Waterfalls (85km).
Thirupullani Pilgrim centre(120km).
Fairs and Festivals in Madurai
Traditional trend havent yet change from this Madurai. People here would find themselves relaxed and happy during the festivals celebrations. Madurai celebrates fairs with solid reasons and a cost of historical facts. During these festive seasons Madurai becomes so vehement on commercial and traditional aspects. Madurai is famous on celebrating Pongal , Jallikattu, Chithirai festival, Avaanimoolam festival, Navarathiri festival, Karthigal festival and dance festival organised by the tourism department, wherein , experitise of varios dancers like classical , bharathanatiyam , folk etc. from all over the country would perform to glorify and edify spirituality and rituality of the people in Madurai. The best of its festival will be Teppam Thiruvilla the annual float festival is an amazing grace to the tourist.
How to Reach in Madurai
How to Reach in Madurai By Air
Daily flights from Bangalore, Chennai, Trichy and even some International Flights land in here.
How to Reach in Madurai By Rail
A major Junction that connects trains throughtout the country.
How to Reach in Madurai By Road
provides ample facility on road conveyance, you have road connectivity
to all places from here.