Narasimhavarman I (A.D 630 -668)
Narasimhavarman I was the
son and successor of Mahendravarman I. He had surpassed his father
in all respects. His military achievements as well as his contribution
to the art and architecture are commendable.
The Pailava-Chalukya conflict had continued during this period Narasimhavarman I had defeated the Chalukyan ruler Pulakesin II at Manimangalam. Then, he marched with his army towards the Chalukyan kingdom. The commander in chief of the Pallava army was Paranjothi. Pulakesin II was defeated and killed in the battle. The Chalukyan capital Vaathapi was set to fire and destroyed. After this victory, Narasimhavarman I had assumed the title Vaathapi Kondan.
Expeditions to Ceylon
Narasimhavarman I had sent two expeditions to Ceylon and helped his friend Manavarman to get back his kingdom.
Visit of Hiuen Tsang
During the reign of Narasimhavarman
I. the Chinese traveler Hiuen-Tsang visited the Pallava capital Kanchi.
He had stayed there for some time and studied in the Buddhist Kadigai.
He had given detailed information regarding the greatness of Kanchi in
Narasimhavarman I had assumed many titles such as Mamallan, Sribharan, Srimehan, Srinithi and Vadhya Vidyatharan.
Art and Architecture
Narasimhavarman I had continued and improved the work of his father in the sphere of art and architecture. His monolithic temples, rock-cut mandapas and portrait sculptures at Mamallapuram speak the glory of the Pallava art and architecture,
End of the Pallava rule
Narasimhavarman I was succeeded by
Mahendravarman II, Parameshwaravarman I, Narasimhavarman ii (Rajasimha)
and others. Later, the Beemavarman line of the Pallavas had ruled Kanchi.
The most important of them were Nandhivarman, Daudhivarman, Nirupathungan
After the rise of the Later Cholas the Pallava kingdom had lost its prominence. In the historic battle of Thirupurambiyam in A.D. 895, Aparajitha, the last of the Pallava kings had emerged victorious. But, soon the Chozha prince Adhithiya killed him. That was the end of the Pallava rule. The Cholas had annexed the Thondai Mandalam region.