NAYAKS OF MADURAI
Viswanatha Nayak introduced poliga
system during his period. In accordance with this system \/iswanathaNayak
divided his principality in to 72 palayams. The new system enabled the
Nayaks to collect revenue. The poliga system was a semi military and feudal
arrangement. Through which he tightened the imperial hold over the conquered
territory. Viswanatha Nayak brought the hill chief of Kambum and Gudalur
under his control.
The streets were widened, ViswanathaNayak extended the terittory of Madurai Nayak which included Trichy, Salem, Ramanathapuram and Tirunelveli. He brought some parts of chola. dominons and the Pandya Kingdom under his control. He constructed some forts also. ViswanathaNayak was considered as the real founder of the Nayak rule in Madurai.
Dalavoy was both the minister and military general during the period of ViswanathaNayak. He was an administrator of both civil and military matters. Ariyanathan was the first dalavoy during the period of ViswanahtaNayak. He contributed much for the victories and achievements of ViswanathaNayak.
Krishnappa Nayak 1564 AD To 1572 AD
He was son of ViswanathaNayak. During his period the poligas and Muslims revolted against him. But the revolts were put down by Dalavoy Ariyanathar, He developed Krishnapuram temple which is a good model for Nayak architecture. He renovated and built some temples.
Veerappa Nayak 1572 AD. To 1595 AD.
VeerappaNayak, was the eldest son
of KrishnappaNayak. He was a pious and peace loving ruler. He was ably
assisted by Dalavoy Ariyanathar. He developed the fort at Trichy and built
a new fort at Aruppukottai, He renovated Chidambaram temple. Improvements
were made in Meenakshi Temple at Madurai. After his demise Krishnappa
Nayak II, Muthukrishnappa Nayak I and Muthuveerappa Nayak I ruled for